Diseases & Illness

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Medical Information

EDUCATE. Many different health issues can affect a couple’s ability to get pregnant. Our mission in Puerto Vallarta is to provide sophisticated care for the widest variety of medical conditions that are associated with infertility.

diseases-illness Our LIV Fertility Center comprises of board-certified reproductive endocrinology and infertility specialists who are committed to educating patients on several fertility problems.

Medical Conditions and Female Infertility


Endometriosis occurs when the cells that normally line the uterine cavity grows outside the uterus. Research has found a link between infertility and endometriosis. Studies show that between 25% and 50% of infertile woman have endometriosis and between 30% and 40% of women with endometriosis are infertile. However, researchers do not know the exact cause of infertility in women with endometriosis.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common causes of female infertility. It is a condition in which a woman’s ovaries, and in some cases the adrenal glands, produce more androgens than the average production. High levels of these hormones interfere with the development of ovarian follicles and release of eggs during ovulation. As a result, fluid-filled sacs, or cysts, can develop within the ovaries. The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but current research suggests that a combination of genetic and environmental factors leads to the disease.

Primary Ovary Insufficiency (POI)

Primary Ovary Insufficiency (POI) is a condition in younger women in which a woman’s ovaries stop producing hormones and producing eggs. Women with POI do not ovulate regularly, or sometimes not at all, and may have abnormal levels of hormones due to problems with their ovaries.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors that form inside the uterus. Uterine fibroids can cause symptoms in some cases, depending on their size and location. Fibroids can contribute to infertility if they:

  • Change the position of the cervix, which can reduce the number of sperm that enter the uterus
  • Change the shape of the uterus, which can interfere with the movement of sperm or implantation
  • Block the fallopian tubes, which prevents sperm from reaching the egg and keeps a fertilized egg from moving to the uterus
  • Interfere with blood flow to the uterus, which can prevent the embryo from implanting

Cancer and Treatment

Several forms of cancer and the treatment stages involved may have an adverse effect on female fertility. Infertility is too often the major hurdle faced after cancer treatment, chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

Medical Conditions and Male Infertility


Diabetes is the most common endocrine disease. The diagnosis of diabetes among men has a significant effect on male reproductive function. The most semen abnormalities encountered in infertile diabetic patients are due to overt ejaculatory dysfunction. Diabetes is a well-known cause of autonomic neuropathy and can lead to retrograde ejaculation when the sperm enter the bladder rather than exiting the urethra.

Chronic Renal Failure

Gonadal dysfunction in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) has been recognized for a long time. Semen analysis for men with CRF typically shows low sperm count and low motility.

Cancer and Treatment

Several forms of cancer and the treatment stages involved may have an adverse effect on male fertility. In many cases, infertility may be the first symptom of these types of cancers. Infertility is often a major concern after cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Since it is difficult to predict the health of sperm after treatment, sperm cryopreservation enables cancer patients to achieve pregnancy.

The LIV Lifeline

Regardless of your situation, our leading infertility specialists work closely with you to develop a personalized fertility treatment plan. We offer intended parents a unique fertility lifeline — and are creating a unique vision for the everlasting dream of parenthood. LIV reimagines, refines and redefines each and every aspect of reproductive medicine.

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